Overview

PSHE weaves throughout our school day and across all of our Pathways. The two main statutory areas of PSHE are Health education and Relationship education. Keeping healthy and safe are key needs for all of our pupils and we recognise the importance of developing their understanding of what that means for them. Our learners interact with peers and adults all day and we create opportunities for them to socialise in a range of situations; it is important for them to learn how to interact and socialise appropriately for functional purposes as well as for their enjoyment.

Relationship and Sex Education (RSE) is taught across the school, always taking into account the age and Pathway of each student. 

We support our students to develop their social skills as they move through the school. This may include learning how to play and work together, about online safety, or learning how to communicate when they don’t like something.

In Health education we teach our students how to care for themselves and others through promoting healthy eating and exercise throughout our day and through different interventions to help mental and physical wellbeing. 

PSHE progress in action is captured by staff on “Evidence for Learning”. This allows us to identify the next steps for each student and to look at the longer term steps of EHCP outcomes, working towards recognised qualifications and preparation for adult life.

 


PSHE in the Blue pathway is incorporated into learning through:

My Communication

My Body

My Independence

My Body and Well-Being

My Play and Social Development

My World

Opportunities are provided throughout the school day to build relationships through interaction. This is often with staff but also with peers where possible and is at the centre of all we do.  Communication aids, switches, photographs and objects of reference are all used to enhance each interaction or shared activity.

The learners are lead to experience, explore and react to each learning situation, often in a sensory way using texture, light and sound.

Being in different stimulating areas, groups and activities gives different perspectives for learning early skills and we explore the optimum situation for each learner to enhance this on an individual level. 

In the Blue Pathway learning is extremely individualised and relationship and sex education along with health education are taught in a bespoke way for each learner.

 

My Communication

My Communication includes learning how to show clear reactions including acceptance or rejection; learning to make choices to show wants and needs. Students also develop communication skills through gesture, signing, vocals, visuals, switches and speech.  They develop the ability to show understanding of words signs and symbols.  These skills are essential for pupils to  build relationships and maintain their health and wellbeing.

 

 

Health Education

Making choices at snack and lunch times

Communicating a need for relaxation or movement

Making choices about activities

Understanding praise and positive feedback

Relationships Education

Making choices and being able to say yes or no

Interacting with others in a kind and appropriate way

Understanding playtime rules

Communicating about stories and photos from home

Interacting with sensory stories about families and different communities

 

 

 

My Play and Social Development

My Play encompasses exploration of the environment and of a range of engaging activities . Learning through play activities is modelled as are sharing of resources and noticing others. Skills are developed in accepting interactions with others and initiating and extending interactions.

 

Health Education

Play circles with teddy, feeding him and giving him drinks

Doll play including washing and bathing and first aid play

Play using self care items

Relationships Education

Choosing a friend to say hello to

Modelling paired play and appropriate boundaries

Encouraging sharing toys in paired activities

Passing toys on and choosing who to pass them to

 

 

My Independence

My Independence develops learners' skills in making choices to express their wants and needs. It allows them to show rejection or acceptance of people, places and things to project autonomy.  Skills are developed in being able to explore objects and environments independently as well as accepting help where necessary and starting to complete tasks independently.  Pupils are supported in learning to regulate their own behaviour and joining in with others on their own.

 

Health Education

Promoting self soothing and regulating their own behaviour

Self help skills such as hand washing and personal care

Independent eating and drinking

Life skills and choosing healthy snacks

Relationships Education                                                     

Choosing who and what to play with

Modelling safe and unsafe actions in play

Participating in turn-taking activities

 

My Body and Wellbeing

My Body and Wellbeing covers Health education in the Blue Pathway. Students explore how they can move their bodies through a variety of physical activities and test the boundaries of what their bodies can do. They learn to accept movement which is good for their body such as physiotherapy. They develop skills in self-soothing, exploring ways to calm. Learners work towards accepting help in self care and active participation where possible.

 

Health Education

Yoga, Soundbath, music therapy, relaxation sessions

Hydrotherapy, rebound therapy, physiotherapy

Walking and outdoor activities

Self care with songs and actions

Gross and fine motor control sessions

Structured PE, swimming, music and movement and gym sessions

Modelling care, storage and administration of medications

Body awareness sessions

 

My Thinking

Within My Thinking, students learn about online safety through developing understanding of when they can access touchscreen and ipads and the boundaries surrounding this. Skills are developed in joint attention, sequencing and understanding first and next as well as early problem solving skills which aids progression in cooking, life skills and playground games and interactions.

 

Health Education

Internet controls, restrictions and boundaries    

Cutting up fruit for healthy snacks

Cooking sessions

Relationships Education

Sharing and turn taking games

 

My World

Students experience being in different areas of school and being out in the community safely. Skills include developing an awareness of danger and accepting appropriate safety measures. In addition, skills in choice-making ( such as choosing which adult to stay with and communicating people and things that make them feel safe in the environment) and exploration are developed.

Health Education

Basic first aid, explaining what we are doing and why when applying first aid

Relationships Education

Students choosing who they feel safe with


     Overview            

PSHE in the Green Pathway is incorporated into six areas:

-My Communication
-My Thinking
-My Independence
-My Body and Well-Being
-My Play and Social Development
-My World
 

All elements of the statutory Health Education and Relationships Education (and Sex Education for secondary aged pupils) are included within our curriculum, designed to meet the needs of our individual learners. We aim to enable our pupils to develop the knowledge and skills they need so that they are able to become autonomous decision-makers, making choices in line with their interests, values and goals. Being able to make these decisions will ultimately make pupils healthier, happier, and safer. We aim for pupils to be able to make decisions that are their own as far as possible.

My Communication

The ‘My Communication’ Green Pathway curriculum strand includes developing speaking and listening skills. These are vital to enable pupils to share their opinions, thoughts and feelings with their peers and the wider community. 
Communication skills are essential for pupils to be able to share their decision making at relevant points in their lives; whether this is who they want to play with, what they want to eat, how to say no, or sharing their relationship choices. 
 

Relationships Education

Talking about families

Sharing news and photos from home

‘All About Me’ topic

Social stories

Teaching ‘Stop!’

Talking about different relationships, families, friends

Health Education

Communicating food and drink preferences and requests through PECS, AAC or speech

Describing how exercise makes us feel

Talking about our emotions

Being able to say when we feel unsafe or worried

My Play and Social Development

  • Developing relationships with others
  • Noticing others around us
  • Attempting to initiate interactions with others
  • Functionally communicating a choice of or inviting someone to play with/communicate with
  • Interacting positively with peers
  • Leading in play directing other people
  • Taking turns when playing with 1 or more people
  • Identifying who is important to us. Friends, family, strangers
  • Engaging in different types of positive relationships with adults and peers
  • Understanding how relationships differ and using this understanding appropriately to interact with a variety of people
  • Having a range of positive relationships with adults and peers and being able to adapt to differences within these

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